In the past, HIV testing was only accessible through a health care provider or a designated testing site. Recently, some people have been able to get HIV self-testing kits that allow them to test on their own or with the help of others such as community organizations. If you test positive for HIV using a self-testing kit, you will have to get a confirmatory nominal (using your name) or anonymous (not using your name) test before you can get medical care for HIV. The key difference between getting a nominal or anonymous test is that your name will automatically be reported to your local Public Health Unit if you test positive nominally. For more information about self-testing, see here.
For information about nominal and anonymous HIV testing and details about what gets reported to Public Health authorities when people test positive for HIV, see here: https://www.cleo.on.ca/en/publications/hivtest. The guide also provides information about reducing the possibility of a person’s name being reported to Public Health authorities after testing positive anonymously and accessing HIV-related medical care.