Ontario Works – Overview
There are two types of Social Assistance in Ontario: Ontario Works (OW) and Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP).
Ontario Works (OW) is often referred to as “welfare” and is for people who have no or very limited income or assets. The Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP) is for people with disabilities who have no or limited income. OW and ODSP nay provide benefits for you and the people in your “benefit unit”. You and your spouse/partner, dependent children and dependent adult children who are living with you are called the “benefit unit”. Both ODSP and OW are paid once a month.
OW and ODSP provide money and other benefits, including prescription drug coverage, some dental care, some medical expenses, special diet allowances, employment supports, etc.
For more information about ODSP, please see our Ontario Disability Support Program section.
You and your spouse/partner, dependent children and dependent adult children who are living with you are called the “benefit unit”. To be eligible for OW:
- everyone in your benefit unit must reside in Ontario and be financially eligible for OW;
- you and everyone in your benefit unit must give OW the required information including names, birth dates, identification, as well as expense, debt, income and asset information, etc..
If you are receiving OW, you must inform OW about changes in your situation and changes for everyone else in your benefit unit that might affect your eligibility, including:
- change of address,
- change of activity (work, school, volunteering),
- change in income,
- change in assets,
- change in housing,
- change in who lives with you,
- change in family status,
- change in immigration status,
- hospitalization or if you are staying somewhere else,
- absence from Ontario (there are different rules for ODSP and OW, so you should get legal advice right away before you make any plan to leave Ontario), or
- any other change that might affect your OW eligibility.
If you are living with HIV and have questions about OW or ODSP, please contact us right away for free legal advice. If you live in Ontario, you can contact your local community legal clinic: www.legalaid.on.ca/clinics.
If you disagree with any OW or ODSP decision, you have the right to request an Internal Review within 30 days of the decision. If you are living with HIV, please contact us right away for advice or you can contact your local community legal clinic: www.legalaid.on.ca/clinics.
Here is a link to ODSP and OW social assistance information on the Government of Ontario website: www.mcss.gov.on.ca/en/mcss/programs/social/index.aspx.
Community Legal Education Ontario (CLEO) has publications about social assistance in Ontario that are available on the CLEO website and in print: www.cleo.on.ca/english/pub/onpub/subject/social.htm.
Getting legal help
The law is complicated, so you should get legal advice about your situation. Contact us for legal advice if you are living with HIV. If you live in Ontario you can contact your local community legal clinic. Ontario’s community legal clinics provide free legal services to people across Ontario:
- Community legal clinic information on the Legal Aid Ontario website: www.legalaid.on.ca/clinics.
- Getting legal help: Community Legal Clinics in Ontario is a Community Legal Education Ontario (CLEO) on-line resource that lists all the legal clinics in Ontario: www.cleo.on.ca/en/publications/ontario.
- Conseils juridiques en français par téléphone : www.legalaid.on.ca/fr/contact/flapp.asp.